AskDefine | Define hat

Dictionary Definition

hat

Noun

1 headdress that protects the head from bad weather; has shaped crown and usually a brim [syn: chapeau, lid]
2 an informal term for a person's role; "he took off his politician's hat and talked frankly"

Verb

1 put on or wear a hat; "He was unsuitably hatted"
2 furnish with a hat [also: hatting, hatted]

User Contributed Dictionary

English

Pronunciation

  • a UK /hæt/, /h

Extensive Definition

A hat is a headcovering. It may be worn for protection against the elements, for religious reasons, for safety, or as a fashion accessory. In the past, hats were an indicator of social status. In the military, they denote rank and regiment.
There are hats for men and hats for women, as well as hats worn by both sexes. Purveyors of men's hats are called hatters and purveyors of women's hats are called milliners.

Hat sizes

Hat size is determined by measuring the circumference of a person's head about 1/2 inch (1.3 cm) above the ears and dividing by pi. In the UK, an equivalent hat size is an eighth of an inch smaller than in the US. Inches or centimeters may be used depending on the manufacturer. Felt hats can be stretched for a custom fit. Cheaper hats come in standard sizes, such as small, medium, large. Some hats, like baseball caps, are adjustable.

Parts of a hat

A hat consists of four main parts:
  • Crown – the portion of a hat covering the top of the head
  • Brim – a projection of stiff material from the bottom of the hat's crown horizontally all around the circumference of the hat
  • Peak – a stiff projection at the front, to shade or shield the eyes from sun and rain
  • Sweatband or hatband – a ribbon or band that runs around the bottom edge of the hat. The sweatband may be adjustable with a cord at the top

Hat styles

see also List of hats and headgear

Customs

In Christian culture, men remove their hats when entering a church. In Eastern Orthodox cultures, it is customary to remove one's hat in the presence of a religious icon. Religious Jews wear a headcovering at all times, indoors and out. When entering a synagogue, men and married women must cover their heads. Upon entering a mosque, headscarves are required for women.
In European culture, it was once customary for men to remove or tip their hat when greeting another person, especially a woman, as a sign of politeness.

See also

hat in Aymara: Q'aspa
hat in Pennsylvania German: Hut
hat in German: Hut
hat in Spanish: Sombrero
hat in Esperanto: Ĉapelo
hat in Persian: کلاه
hat in French: Chapeau
hat in Indonesian: Topi
hat in Italian: Cappello (abbigliamento)
hat in Hebrew: כובע
hat in Dutch: Hoed
hat in Norwegian: Hatt
hat in Occitan (post 1500): Capèl
hat in Polish: Kapelusz
hat in Portuguese: Chapéu
hat in Quechua: K'umpu
hat in Russian: Шляпа
hat in Simple English: Hat
hat in Finnish: Hattu
hat in Swedish: Hatt
hat in Turkish: Şapka

Synonyms, Antonyms and Related Words

Balmoral, Dutch cap, Panama, Panama hat, Salvation Army bonnet, Stetson, astrakhan, balaclava helmet, baseball cap, beany, bearskin, beaver, beret, boater, bonnet, boot, bowler, brass hat, breech, busby, calash, campaign hat, cap, capote, castor, ceil, chapeau, chapeau bras, cloak, cloche, coat, cock-and-pinch, coif, cork, coverchief, coxcomb, crown, derby, dome, fantail, fez, frock, gown, handkerchief, hard hat, headcloth, headdress, headgear, headpiece, headtire, headwear, helmet, homburg, hood, jacket, jockey cap, kaffiyeh, kelly, kepi, kerchief, leghorn, lid, mantle, millinery, mobcap, mortarboard, nightcap, opera hat, overseas cap, peaked cap, picture hat, pillbox, pith hat, pith helmet, plug, poke, porkpie, puggree, roof, roof in, rumal, sailor, scraper, shirt, shoe, shovel hat, silk hat, skullcap, slouch hat, snood, sock, sombrero, stocking, stopper, stovepipe, sun hat, sun helmet, sunbonnet, sundown, tam, ten-gallon hat, tin hat, tip, top, top hat, topee, topper, trilby, turban, tyrolean hat, wide-awake, wimple, wind-cutter, yarmulka
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